Đi Tìm Lời Giải Đáp Cho Câu Hỏi “Malware Là Gì?” Và Những Lưu Ý Cần Thiết Về Malware


The terms "virus" & "malware" are often used interchangeably. However, they are technically different, so the question of malware vs. viruses is an important one.

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Malware is a catch-all term for any type of malicious software, regardless of how it works, its intent, or how it’s distributed. A virut is a specific type of malware that self-replicates by inserting its code into lớn other programs. Computer viruses have sầu been prominent since almost the beginning of the commercial internet: The first one was created in 1982 for the Apple II, and other versions quickly followed.

Viruses spread by attaching themselves khổng lồ legitimate files and programs, & are distributed through infected websites, flash drives, và emails. A victyên activates a virus by opening the infected application or file. Once activated, a virus may delete or encrypt files, modify applications, or disable system functions.

Examples of malware vs. viruses

There are many different types of viruses. These are the three most comtháng examples:

The tệp tin infector can burrow inlớn executable files and spread through a network. A file infector can overwrite a computer"s operating system or even reformat its drive.The macro vi khuẩn takes advantage of programs that tư vấn macros. Macro viruses usually arrive sầu as Word or Excel documents attached khổng lồ a spam gmail, or as a zipped attachment. Nhái tệp tin names tempt the recipients khổng lồ open the files, activating the viruses. An old but still prominent type of malware, macro viruses, remain popular with hackers.Polymorphic viruses modify their own code. The virut replicates and encrypts itself, changing its code just enough to lớn evade detection by antivi khuẩn programs.

Malware encompasses all types of malicious software, including viruses, và may have a variety of goals. A few of the common objectives of malware are:

Steal consumer credit thẻ data or other financial dataInfect computers and use them to lớn mine bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies

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The five types of malware

Besides viruses, multiple other types of malware can infect not only desktops, laptops, & servers, but also smartphones. Malware categories include the following:

Adware and spyware. Adware pushes unwanted advertisements at users và spyware secretly collects information about the user. Spyware may record the websites the user visits, information about the user"s computer system & vulnerabilities for a future attaông xã, or the user’s keystrokes. Spyware that records keystrokes is called a keylogger. Keyloggers steal credit thẻ numbers, passwords, account numbers, và other sensitive sầu data simply by logging what the user types.

Antimalware and antivi khuẩn solutions

Because so many types of malware and viruses are in the wild—& cybercriminals are creating more every day—most antimalware and antivirus solutions rely on multiple methods to lớn detect & bloông chồng suspicious files. The four main types of malware detection are:

Signature-based scanning.This is a basic approach that all antimalware programs use, including không tính tiền ones. Signature-based scanners rely on a database of known vi khuẩn signatures. The success of the scanner depends on the freshness of the signatures in the database.Heuristic analysis.

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This detects viruses by their similarity to related viruses. It examines samples of core code in the malware rather than the entire signature. Heuristic scanning can detect a virut even if it is hidden under additional junk code.Real-time behavioral monitoring solutions.These seek unexpected actions, such as an application sending gigabytes of data over the network. It blocks the activity và hunts the malware behind it. This approach is helpful in detecting fileless malware.Sandbox analysis.This moves suspect files to a sandbox or secured environment in order to activate & analyze the file without exposing the rest of the network khổng lồ potential risk.

IT security professionals can augment their organization"s malware & virus defenses by updating and patching applications và platforms. Patches and updates are especially critical for preventing fileless malware, which targets application vulnerabilities & cannot be easily detected with antimalware solutions.

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Likewise, implementing & encouraging datasecurity best practicescan be valuable in preventing data breaches. Basic best practices for password management & role-based access lớn data & applications, for example, can minimize the odds of a hacker gaining access lớn a system và limit a hacker"s ability khổng lồ vì damage if they gain access. Regular security updates for employees can also help them spot potential threats and remind employees lớn practice good security hygiene.

Protect against malware and viruses with the hostingvietnam.vn advantage

hostingvietnam.vn products leverage a number of technologies that protect against malware and viruses. Below is a sampling of hostingvietnam.vn products that offer configurations designed khổng lồ stop many types of malware: